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About Ghana – Ghana Information Guide

About Ghana

Where is Ghana Located in Africa

Ghana, is a West African country, bounded on the north by Burkina Faso, on the east by Togo, on the south by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the west by Côte d’Ivoire. Formerly a British colony known as the Gold Coast, was led to independence by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah on the 6th of March, 1957. Ghana became the first black nation in sub-Saharan Africa to achieve independence from colonial rule. The country is named after the ancient empire of Ghana, from which the ancestors of the inhabitants of the present country are thought to have migrated.

Ghana People and Ghana Population

The population of Ghana is divided into some 75 ethnic groups. The estimated population of Ghana in 2012 is 24,652,402 (females-51%, males 49), giving the country an overall population density of 78 persons per sq km (201 per sq mi). The most densely populated parts of the country are the coastal areas, the Ashanti region, and the two principal cities, Accra and Kumasi. About 70 percent of the total population lives in the southern half of the country. The most numerous peoples are the coastal Fanti, and the Ashanti, who live in central Ghana, both of whom belong to the Akan family. The Accra plains are inhabited by the Ga-Adangbe. Most of the inhabitants in the northern region belong to the Moshi-Dagomba or to the Gonja group.

Facts About Ghana – Ghana Facts

  1. Name: Republic of Ghana
  2. Capital: Accra
  3. Population: 25.5 million
  4. Area: 238,533 sq km (92,098 sq miles)
  5. Major languages: English, African languages including Akan, Ewe
  6. Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Islam
  7. Life expectancy: 64 years (men), 66 years (women)
  8. Currency: Cedi

Ghana Political History

  1. 1957 – independence, Nkrumah of CPP is PM
  2. 1960 – declared republic, one party system, presidential system
  3. 1966 – military overthrow of 1st republic
  4. 1969 – 2nd republic, Busia of PP is PM
  5. 1972 – military overthrow of 2nd republic
  6. 1978 – palace coup to restructure military government
  7. 1979 – junior officer uprising and military housecleaning
  8. 1979 – ushered third republic, Limann of PNP is President
  9. 1981 – overthrow of the constitutional PNP gov’t by the PNDC military junta
  10. 1983 – Attempted overthrow of the PNDC junta by other junior army men
  11. 1992 – Rawlings of NDC is Dem elected as President
  12. 1996 – Rawlings of NDC is re-elected
  13. 2001 – Kufour (NPP) is President
  14. 2005 – Kufuor begins second-term in office
  15. 2009 – John Evans Atta Mills (NDC) is President
  16. 2012 – John Dramani Mahama (NDC) is sworn in as President following death of President Mills
  17. 2013 – John Dramani Mahama (NDC) is sworn in as President after winning the 2012 general elections
  18. 2017 – Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo (NPP) is sworn in as President after winning the 2016

History of Ghana

Some key dates in Ghana’s history:

  1. 1482 – Portuguese settlers arrive and begin trading in gold, ivory and timber.
  2. 1500s – Slave trade: Slavery overtakes gold as the main export in the region.
  3. 1600s – Dutch, English, Danish, and Swedish settlers arrive; slave trade becomes highly organised.
  4. 1642 – The Portuguese relinquish their territory to the Dutch and leave the Gold Coast.
  5. 1807 – British dominance: British ban on slave trade from the Gold Coast becomes effective.
  6. 1874 – The Gold Coast is officially proclaimed a British crown colony.
  7. 1957 – Independence: Ghana becomes first black African colony to declare independence.
  8. 1964-1992 – Military rule: Succession of destabilising coups, Ghana is predominantly a one-party state.
  9. 1992 – New constitution, multi-party system is restored.
  10. 2010 – Economic woes: Offshore oil production starts, fuelling Africa’s fast-growing economy. Public deficit spirals.

Regions in Ghana

Ashanti Region

Category: Regions in Ghana

Ashanti is an administrative region in Ghana centrally located in the middle belt of Ghana. I t lies between longitudes 0.15W and 2.25W, and latitudes 5.50N and 7.46N. The region shares boundaries with four of the ten political regions, Brong-Ahafo in the north, Eastern region in the east, Central region in the south and Western region in the South west.

Most of the region’s inhabitants are Ashanti people, one of Ghana’s major ethnic groups. Most of Ghana’s cocoa is grown in Ashanti, and it is also a major site of Ghana’s gold-mining industry.

Brong Ahafo Region

Category: Regions in Ghana

The Brong Ahafo Region was created on 4th April 1959 (by the Brong Ahafo Region Act No. 18 of 1959). The Act defined the area of the Brong Ahafo Region to consist of the northern and the western part of the then Ashanti Region and included the Prang and Yeji areas that before the enactment of the Act formed part of the Northern Region. Before the Ashanti Empire was conquered by the British in 1900, the Brong and Ahafo states to the north and northwest of Kumasi (the capital of Ashanti empire and the present Ashanti Region) were within the empire. Nana Akumfi Ameyaw III traces his ancestry to King Akumfi Ameyaw I (1328-63), under whose reign the Brong Kingdom with its capital at Bono Manso grew to become the most powerful kingdom of its time. Indeed oral tradition has it that nearly all the different groups of the Akans, including the Asante, trace their origins to Bono after migrating from the “north”.

Central Region

Category: Regions in Ghana

The Central Region is one of Ghana’s ten administrative regions. It is bordered by the Ashanti and Eastern regions to the north, Western region to the west, Greater Accra region to the east, and to the south by the Atlantic Ocean.The Central Region was historically part of the Western Region until 1970 when it was carved out just before the 1970 Population Census. It occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres or 4.1 per cent of Ghana’s land area, making it the third smallest in area after Greater Accra and Upper East. It shares common boundaries with Western Region on the west, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Greater Accra Region on the east. On the south is the 168-kilometre length Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) coastline.

Eastern Region

Category: Regions in Ghana

The Eastern Region, with an area of 19,323 square kilometres, occupying 8.1 per cent of the total land area of Ghana, is the sixth largest region of the country. A total of 2,106,696 population for the region, representing 11.1 per cent of Ghana’s population. It is the third most populous region, after the Ashanti and Greater Accra. The population is made up of 49.2 per cent males and 50.8 per cent females. The region is divided into administrative districts. The total number of districts were increased from 17 districts to 21.

Greater Accra

Category: Regions in Ghana

The Greater Accra Region is the smallest of the 10 administrative regions in terms of area, occupying a total land surface of 3,245 square kilometres or 1.4 per cent of the total land area of Ghana. In terms of population, however, it is the second most populated region, after the Ashanti Region, with a population of 4,010,054 in 2010, accounting for 15.4 per cent of Ghana’s total population.

Northern Region

Category: Regions in Ghana

The Northern Region is the largest area of Ghana. As of 2009, it is divided into 20 districts. The region’s capital is Tamale.
Climatically, religiously, linguistically, and culturally, the region differs greatly from the politically and economically dominating regions of central and southern Ghana. The Northern Region, which occupies an area of about 70,383 square kilometres, is the largest region in Ghana in terms of land area. It shares boundaries with the Upper East and the Upper West Regions to the north, the Brong Ahafo and the Volta Regions to the south, and two neighbouring countries, the Republic of Togo to the east, and La Cote d’ Ivoire to the west.

Upper East

Category: Regions in Ghana

The Upper East Region of Ghana is located in the northeastern corner of the country between longitude 00 and 10 West and latitudes 100 30”N and 110N and bordered by Burkina Faso to the north and Togo to the east the west by Sissala in Upper West and the south by West Mamprusi in Northern Region. The capital is Bolgatanga, sometimes shortened to Bolga. Other cities include Bawku and Navrongo. In area, the Upper East Region is 8842 square kilometers. In 2002, its population was 964,500.

Upper West

Category: Regions in Ghana

The Upper West Region of Ghana covers a geographical area of approximately 18,478 square kilometres. This constitutes about 12.7 per cent of the total land area of Ghana. The region is bordered on the North by the Republic of Burkina Faso, on the East by Upper East Region, on the South by Northern Region and on the West by Cote d’Ivoire. The capital and largest city is Wa. Other towns include Nandom, Daffiema, Jirapa, Kaleo, Nadowli, Lawra and Tumu.

Volta Region

Category: Regions in Ghana

Volta Region is one of Ghana’s ten administrative regions. It is to the east of Lake Volta. Its capital is Ho. The Volta region of Ghana, lies to the east of the Volta lake. The region covers an area of 20,570 square kilometres representing 8.6% of Ghana. Between latitudes 5° 45’N and 8°45’N. Between the Volta Lake by the west and east by the Republic of Togo and south by the Atlantic Ocean. 20,570 sq. kilometers i.e. 8.6% of the total area of Ghana. The Region spans all the vegetational zones of the country stretching from the Atlantic coast in the south to the north.

Western Region

Category: Regions in Ghana

The Western Region covers an area of approximately 2,3921 square kilometres, which is about 10 per cent of Ghana’s total land area. The region has about 75 per cent of its vegetation within the high forest zone of Ghana, and lies in the equatorial climatic zone that is characterized by moderate temperatures. It is also the wettest part of Ghana with an average rainfall of 1,600mm per annum. It is bordered on the east by the Central Region, to the west by the Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire), to the north by Ashanti and Brong-Ahafo Regions, and to the south by the Gulf of Guinea. The southernmost part of Ghana lies in the region, at Cape Three Points near Busua, in the Ahanta West District.

Ghana Map

Ghana Map

Ghana Map