About the Nigeria House of Representatives
The House of Representatives is the second chamber in Nigeria’s bicameral legislature, the National Assembly. The National Assembly (NASS) is the nation’s highest legislature, whose power to make laws is summarized in chapter one, section four of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution.
Sections 47-49 of the 1999 Constitution state inter alia that “There shall be a National Assembly (NASS) for the federation which shall consist of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives”.
The House of Representatives is headed by the Speaker assisted by the Deputy Speaker. These Presiding officers serve as political heads. There are three hundred and sixty (360) members in the House of Representatives representing the 360 Federal Constituencies the country is divided into based on population.
House of Representatives Nigeria: Principal Officers of The House of Representatives
Speaker of the House of Representatives: Hon. Dogara Yakubu
Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives: Hon. Yusuf Sulaimon Lasun
Majority Leader: Hon. Olufemi Gbajabiamila
Minority Leader: Hon. Ogor Leonard Okuweh
Chief Whip: Hon. Ado Garba Alhassan
Minority Whip: Hon. Umar Barde Yakubu
Deputy Majority Leader: Hon. Umar Buba Jibril
Deputy Minority Leader: Hon. Chukwuka Wilfred Onyema
Deputy Chief Whip: Hon. O.pally Isumafe Iriase
Deputy Minority Whip: Hon. Binta Bello
Speaker House of Representatives Nigeria
Constitutional Roles of the Nigeria House of Representatives
The Constitution has vested in the House of Representatives the power to make laws for the peace, order and good governance of the Federation.
The House of Representatives also has broad oversight functions and is therefore empowered to establish committees of its members to scrutinize bills and the conduct of government institutions and officials.
The House of Representatives is also empowered by the Constitution to legislate on Exclusive, Concurrent and Residual lists.
Compositions of the Nigeria House of Representatives
There are 360 members of the House of Representatives elected based on proportional representation of population of each of the 360 States of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory. However, irrespective of size, the Senate is based on equal representation of the States of the federation.
The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is the Speaker and is assisted by the Deputy Speaker. There are other Principal Officers of the House which includes: the House Majority Leader, Chief Whip, Deputy Majority Leader, Deputy Chief Whip, Minority Leader, Minority Whip, Deputy Minority Leader and Deputy Minority Whip.
In addition, there are 84 Standing Committees in the House of Representatives chaired by Committee Chairmen.
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